Zealand is the youngest country on earth - the last major landmass
to be discovered. It has a rich and fascinating history, reflecting
both our Maori and European heritage. Amazing Maori historic sites
and taonga (treasures), some dating back almost a thousand years,
are a contrast to many beautiful colonial buildings. New Zealand
today is a culturally diverse and fascinating country. Discover
the movie magic when you visit the Lord of the Rings filming locations.
Take guided tours of the stunning locations shot in the Lord of
the Rings trilogy.
NEW ZEALANDER INVENTORS
Disposable syringes - Colin Murdoch
Pharmacist and veterinarian Colin Murdoch was also
an inventor, with 46 patents to his name. Aware of the
risks of infection of glass syringes, he designed and
patented the disposable hypodermic syringe. Initially
the Department of Health felt it was "too futuristic".
It took a few years before it was adopted and used by
millions around the world.
Born in Christchurch, New Zealand, in 1929, Murdoch
displayed a talent for chemistry at a very early age.
Although he struggled through his schooling years with
dyslexia, Murdoch already displayed an interest in both
mechanical and technical skills. At the age of ten he
successfully made gunpowder and came to the realization
that an ignition could be caused by the mixing of certain
nitrates and sulphuric acid. This discovery led the
young Murdoch to build a successful firearm using a
wick and a small asbestos-filled hammer.
Murdoch later came to outgrow his dyslexia and
went on to study at The College of Pharmacy in Wellington. Following
this, he completed a five-year apprenticeship and, like his
father, became a pharmacist. He later studied to become a veterinarian.
as he had an interest in not only human welfare, but also the
welfare of animals.
Both a pharmacist and a veterinarian, Murdoch was aware of the
risks in reusing syringes. There was a high risk of passing
infection from one patient to the next in both humans and animals,
unless the glass syringe was sterilized accurately. Wanting
to eliminate these risks, and needing more effective vaccination
for his animal patients, Murdoch designed and invented the disposable
hypodermic syringe, a plastic version of its glass predecessor.
Murdoch presented the design to officials of the New Zealand
Department of Health, who were skeptical, and believed it “too
futuristic”, and that it would not be received well by
both doctors and patients. Development of the syringe was held
off for a few years due to lack of funding. Eventually, when
he was granted both patents, Murdoch’s syringe became
hugely successful, with millions used throughout the world every
day. It is not widely known as a New Zealand design, although
Murdoch's achievements have been covered in the New Zealand
In the 1950s, while working with colleagues who were studying
introduced wild goat, deer and tahr populations in New Zealand,
Murdoch had the idea that the animals would be much easier to
catch, examine and release if a dose of tranquilliser could
be administered by projection from afar. Murdoch became experienced
with repairing and modifying guns during World War II, as rifles
and shot guns were not being imported into New Zealand at that
time. With both motive and experience, Murdoch went on to develop
a range of rifles, darts and pistols, which have had an enormous
impact on the treatment and study of animals around the world.
At the time Murdoch started testing his gun, the
only tranquilliser drugs available were curare and alkaloids
of nicotine, both of which tended to have fatal reactions in
a high percentage of animals. In partnership with pharmaceutical
companies, he helped develop more sophisticated drugs with precise
and safe reactions.
to New Zealand. There is just so much to do make sure you allow
plenty of time for your visit. You will find a diverse range of
scenery and conditions from sub-tropical to a little colder down
south particularly in the winter time. New Zealand can be enjoyed
at a pace to suit every age group. Grab a cheap flight to New
Zealand for a game of golf, Buy a map, hire a rental car, have
an adventure and fill your lungs with the smog free air New Zealand
has to offer. Accommodation from backpackers, bed and breakfast
to luxury hotel. Take your New Zealand tour.
TO NEW ZEALAND - HOME OF LORD OF THE RINGS